Bruxism - treatment of worn-out teeth - Dentist Gdansk Poland

Bruxism Gdansk
– treatment of worn out teeth

What is bruxism and how does it manifest itself?

Bruxism is a problem that affects many patients, although not all are aware of it. It is categorised as a so-called parasomnia or sleep disorder. It also belongs to the spectrum of disorders of the masticatory system, as it leads to a number of serious changes and problems in the teeth, masticatory muscles and inflammatory and degenerative changes in the temporomandibular joint. The disorder involves uncontrollable grinding and clenching of the teeth, occurring mainly during sleep. Many years of rubbing the teeth of the jaw against the teeth of the mandible in an uncontrolled manner can lead to many problems with both the tissues of the teeth and the temporomandibular joints . Bruxism can cause chronic headaches and neck pain.

Bruxism is a disorder that occurs in approximately 8 to 10% of the population.

The first symptoms that may suggest bruxism are usually:

  • chewing headaches and muscular pains on waking up
  • changes in tooth structure such as fractures of incisal edges or fractures

Factors contributing to bruxism

The direct cause of bruxism is not known, while there are a number of circumstances that predispose to the appearance of this disorder. These include :

  • Genetic determinants
  • Sleep disorders
  • Chronic stress
  • Over-sensitivity to stress
  • Malocclusion
  • Parasitic diseases

Ignoring the symptoms can lead to numerous health complications.

Consequences of bruxism

The most commonly cited consequences include:

  • Advanced wear of the tooth surface, which becomes brittle and cracks
  • Tooth loosening and mobility
  • Dental pulpitis
  • Painful petechiae on the buccal mucosa, tongue and other overlying parts of the mouth
  • Chronic pain in the jaw, especially upon awakening
  • Crackling and jumping of the jaw when opening wide
    • Hypertrophy of facial and neck muscles (especially in the cheek area) with an unsightly appearance
  • Chronic pain in the head , neck, shoulders and spine
  • Imbalances
  • Noise and pain in the ears
  • Inflammation and subsequent degenerative conditions in the temporomandibular joints resulting from reduced tooth height

The sooner we diagnose the problem, the more effectively we will be able to help our patients

Because there is no unambiguous cause of bruxism, treatment is tailored individually to each patient. The first and at the same time the most important step is a comprehensive examination and interview with the Patient and checking occlusion, i.e. occlusal contacts, work of masseter muscles and functioning of the temporomandibular joint.

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Prodent Garrison Gdańsk
+48 58 690 80 88

Prodent Madison Gdańsk
+48 58 305 83 74

How do we treat bruxism at Prodent?

There are several proven protocols for treating bruxism:


  • splint therapy (a custom-designed and fabricated splint designed to protect teeth from further excessive abrasion)
  • treatment of malocclusion with braces
  • bite alignment, which is preceded by a comprehensive diagnosis including the registration of bite conditions using the method of Prof. Gerber, on the basis of which it is possible to select an appropriate treatment plan, and reconstruction of lost tooth surfaces and rehabilitation of the entire masticatory organ.
  • The preparation is injected into special points in the muscles, allowing to block neuromuscular conduction. The toxin is most often injected into the masseters to weaken their strength. It is often an adjunct in bite reconstructions, allowing patients to relax for a while from discomfort and pain
  • learning relaxation techniques as a reduction in the impact of stress in everyday life
  • psychotherapy as an adjunctive therapy
  • physiotherapy as an adjunct to chiropractic or prosthetic restoration

Bruxism can occur periodically or be a chronic, lifelong ailment. It should not be underestimated, but treated especially in times where the stress of everyday life problems is increasing, and a nice and healthy smile is very important in social life.