Bruxism is a problem that affects many patients, although not all are aware of it. It is categorised as a so-called parasomnia or sleep disorder. It also belongs to the spectrum of disorders of the masticatory system, as it leads to a number of serious changes and problems in the teeth, masticatory muscles and inflammatory and degenerative changes in the temporomandibular joint. The disorder involves uncontrollable grinding and clenching of the teeth, occurring mainly during sleep. Many years of rubbing the teeth of the jaw against the teeth of the mandible in an uncontrolled manner can lead to many problems with both the tissues of the teeth and the temporomandibular joints . Bruxism can cause chronic headaches and neck pain.
Bruxism is a disorder that occurs in approximately 8 to 10% of the population.
The first symptoms that may suggest bruxism are usually:
The direct cause of bruxism is not known, while there are a number of circumstances that predispose to the appearance of this disorder. These include :
Ignoring the symptoms can lead to numerous health complications.
The most commonly cited consequences include:
The sooner we diagnose the problem, the more effectively we will be able to help our patients
Because there is no unambiguous cause of bruxism, treatment is tailored individually to each patient. The first and at the same time the most important step is a comprehensive examination and interview with the Patient and checking occlusion, i.e. occlusal contacts, work of masseter muscles and functioning of the temporomandibular joint.
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There are several proven protocols for treating bruxism:
Bruxism can occur periodically or be a chronic, lifelong ailment. It should not be underestimated, but treated especially in times where the stress of everyday life problems is increasing, and a nice and healthy smile is very important in social life.